Who we are
What we do
Memory is a fundamental process that allows us to make sensible predictions about what might happen in the future based on past experience. Put simply, it stops us repeating our mistakes.
We are interested in how the brain remembers past events and how this shapes behaviour in the present. We use experimental psychology, virtual reality, computational modelling, and brain imaging to understand these processes in the healthy human brain. We also test patients with memory deficits to understand how these processes can become impaired.
Why we do it
We aim to apply what we learn in the lab to the real world. This can be in an educational setting, where our experiments can inform how information is best learnt and retained, and in a medical setting, where understanding the breakdown of memory processes can shape interventions to help specific patients function more effectively in the real world.
We also believe in the value of basic science in and of itself. Unravelling the complexities of the human brain is inherently valuable to society regardless of translation. Ultimately, we do what we do because we are fascinated by the brain.
Aidan James Horner
Aidan completed his BSc in psychology and MSc in cognitive neuroscience at the University of York, and his PhD in cognitive Neuroscience at the University of Cambridge. He held postdoctoral positions at the Otto-von-Guericke University and University College London.
Postdoctoral Research Associate
Jennifer completed her BSc in psychology, MSc in cognitive neuroscience and PhD in psychology at the University of York. She also works as a postdoctoral research associate in the EPOC lab at the University of York.
Jamie completed his BSc in psychology and MSc in cognitive neuroscience at Durham University.
Nora completed her BSc in experimental psychology at the University of Bristol before obtaining a PhD in psychology at the University of Sussex. She worked as a postdoctroal research associate in the lab from 2019-2021.
Jade completed her BSc in Psychology at the University of Lincoln before obtaining an MRes and PhD in psychology at the University of Manchester. She worked as a postdoctoral research associate in the lab in 2020.
Samuel Charles Berens
Sam completed his BSc in psychology and music technology at the University of Keele before obtaining an MSc and PhD in cognitive neuroscience at the University of Sussex. He worked as a postdoctoral research associate in the lab from 2016-2020.
Bardur Hofgaard Joensen
Bardur completed his BSc in psychology at the University of Aberdeen and MSc in cognitive neuroscience at Univerisity College London. He was a PhD student in the lab from 2016-2019.
Emma completed her BA in experimental psychology at the University of Oxford before obtaining an MSc and PhD in developmental cognitive neuroscience at the University of York. She worked as a postdoctoral research associate in the lab in 2019.
Gabrielle completed her BSc in psychology at the University of York. She worked as a research assistant in the lab in 2019.
We are interested in how our memory of the past shapes our decisions in the present. We use a variety of techniques to understand the neural basis of memory-guided decision-making in the healthy human brain, and how it breaks down in specific patient populations. Below are examples of projects both past and present.
What happens to a memory as it is forgotten? Does it fragment, such that we lose some aspects of an event but not others? Does it blur, such that we remember events with less precision? Or instead, if we forget an event, is it lost in its entirety? Here we are using novel experimental methods to assess how mnemonic representations change as a function of forgetting.
Pattern completion allows us to retrieve a complete memory trace when only presented with a partial cue. For example, we might remember all the details of a social event with a friend when presented with only a picture the friend. This project explores this pattern completion process for complex episodic events. It also focusses on the roles of the hippocampus and neocortex during this process, and how they interact. Ultimately, we are interested in how the brain supports our ability to subjectively re-experience previous life events.
Grid cells are a type of spatially modulated neuron found in both rodents and humans. They fire in multiple locations in a given environment in a highly regular fashion. This regularity allows us to use non-invasive brain imaging to measure a 'grid-like' signal in the human brain. Here we are interested in whether grid cells are used for more than spatial navigation. For example, do we use grid cells when we close our eyes and imagine moving through space?
Cockcroft, J.P., Berens, S.C., Gaskell, M.G., & Horner, A.J., (2021) Schematic information influences memory and generalisation behaviour for schema-relevant and -irrelevant information, PsyArXiv. [Preprint] [Data]
Berens, S.C., Joensen, B.H., & Horner, A.J., (2021) Tracking the Emergence of Location-based Spatial Representations in Human Scene-Selective Cortex, Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 33(3), 445-462. [PubMed] [Preprint] [Data] [PDF]
James, E., Ong, G., Henderson, L.M., & Horner, A.J., (2020) Make it or break it: Boundary conditions for integrating multiple elements in episodic memory, Royal Society of Open Science, 7: 200431. [PubMed] [Preprint] [Data] [PDF]
Joensen, B.H., Gaskell, M.G., & Horner, A.J., (2020) United we fall: All-or-none forgetting of complex episodic events, Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 149(2), 230-248. [PubMed] [Preprint] [Data] [PDF]
Grande, X., Berron, D., Horner, A.J., Bisby, J.A., Duzel, E., & Burgess, N., (2019) Holistic recollection via pattern completion involves hippocampus subfield CA3, Journal of Neuroscience, 39(41), 8100-8111. [PubMed] [PDF]
Horner, A.J., (2019) Retrieving to remember: in theory and practice, York Scholarship of Teaching and Learning Journal, 3, 23-32 [PDF]
Bisby, J.A., Horner, A.J., Bush, D., & Burgess, N., (2018) Negative emotional content disrupts the coherence of episodic memories, Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 147(2), 243-256. [PubMed] [PDF]
Suarez-Jimenez, B., Bisby, J.A., Horner, A.J., King, J.A., Pine, D.S., & Burgess, N., (2018) Linked networks for learning and expressing location-specific threat, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 115(5), E1032-E1040. [PubMed] [PDF]
Henson, R.N., Horner, A.J., Greve, A., Cooper, E., Gregori, M., Simons, J.S., Erzinçlioğlu, S., Browne, G., & Kapur, N. (2017) No effect of hippocampal lesions on stimulus-response bindings, Neuropsychologia, 103, 106-114. [PubMed] [PDF]
Kaplan, R., Bush, D., Bisby, J.A., Horner, A.J., Meyer, S.S., & Burgess, N., (2017) Medial prefrontal-medial temporal theta phase coupling in dynamic spatial imagery, Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 154, 151-164. [PubMed] [PDF]
Horner, A.J. (2016) Retrieval of bindings between task-irrlevevant stimuli and responses can facilitate behaviour under conditions of high response certainty, Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 69(3), 561-573. [PubMed] [PDF]
Bisby, J.A., Horner, A.J., Horlyck, L.D., & Burgess, N. (2016) Opposing effects of negative emotion on item and associative memory are mediated by amygdalar and hippocampal activity, Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 69(3), 561-573. [PubMed] [PDF]
Bird, C., Keidel, J.L., Ing, L.P., Horner, A.J. & Burgess, N. (2015) Consolidation of complex events via reinstatement in posterior cingulate cortex, Journal of Neuroscience, 35(43), 14426-14434. [PubMed] [PDF]
Kaplan, R., Horner, A.J., Bandettini, P.A., Doeller, C.F., & Burgess, N. (2014) Human hippocampal processing of environmental novelty during spatial navigation, Hippocampus, 24(7), 740-750. [PubMed] [PDF]
Guitart-Masip, M., Barnes, G., Horner, A.J., Dolan, R.J., & Duzel, E. (2013) Synchronization of medial temporal lobe and prefrontal rhythms in human decision-making, Journal of Neuroscience, 33(2), 442-451. [PubMed] [PDF]
Horner, A.J., Gadian, D.G., Fuentemilla, L., Jentschke, S., Vargha-Khadem, F. & Duzel, E., (2012) A rapid, hippocampus-dependent, item-memory signal that initiates context memory in humans, Current Biology, 22(24), 2369-2374. [PubMed] [PDF]
Shtyrov, Y., Smith, M., Horner, A.J., Henson, R.N., Nathan, P., & Pulvermüller, F., (2012) Attention to language: Novel MEG paradigm for registering involuntary language processing in the brain, Neuropsychologia, 50(11), 2605-2616. [PubMed] [PDF]
Horner, A.J., (2012) Focussing on the frontal cortex (peer commentary on journal article "Repetition Priming and Repetition Suppression: A Case for Enhanced Efficiency Through Neural Synchronization"), Cognitive Neuroscience, 3(3-4), 246-247. [PubMed] [PDF]
Horner, A.J., & Henson, R.N., (2012) Incongruent abstract stimulus-response bindings result in response interference: fMRI and EEG evidence from visual object classification priming, Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 24(3), 760-773.[PubMed] [PDF]
Horner, A.J., & Henson, R.N., (2012) Priming, response learning and repetition suppression, In N.M. Seel (Ed), Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning, Springer. [PDF]
Horner, A.J., & Henson, R.N., (2011) Stimulus-Response bindings code both abstract and specific representations of stimuli: evidence from a classification priming design that reverses multiple levels of response representations, Memory & Cognition, 39(8), 1457-1471.[PubMed] [PDF]
Horner, A.J., & Henson, R.N., (2011) Repetition suppression in occipitotemporal cortex despite negligible visual similarity: evidence for post-perceptual processing?, Human Brain Mapping, 32(10), 1519-1534.[PubMed] [PDF]
Horner, A.J., & Henson, R.N., (2009) Bindings between stimuli and multiple response codes dominate long-lag repetition priming in speeded classification tasks, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition, 35(3), 757-779.[PubMed] [PDF]
Aidan Horner's PhD thesis
The role of stimulus-response bindings in priming: multiple routes and multiple stages [PDF]
Dr Aidan J Horner
Department of Psychology
University of York